Learning Disabilities and The Law: After High School: An Overview for Students

Senior student receiving advice from his school councilorDo the legal rights of students with learning disabilities continue after high school?

Legal rights may continue. It depends upon the facts in the individual case. Children with learning disabilities who receive services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) or the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (RA) in public elementary and secondary school may continue to have legal rights under federal laws in college programs and in employment. When students graduate from high school or reach age 21, their rights under the IDEA come to an end.

The rights that may continue are those under the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). To understand which rights continue, it is important to understand the three basic federal statutes that confer rights on people with disabilities.

The IDEA, initially enacted in 1975, provides for special education and related services for children with disabilities who need such education and services by reason of their disabilities. The IDEA provides for a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) and for an Individualized Education Program (IEP).

The Rehabilitation Act, most notably Section 504, prohibits discrimination against children and adults with disabilities. The Rehabilitation Act applies to public and private elementary and secondary schools and colleges that receive federal funding. It also applies to employers that receive federal funding.

The ADA prohibits discrimination against children and adults with disabilities and applies to all public and most private schools and colleges, to testing entities, and to licensing authorities, regardless of federal funding. Religiously controlled educational institutions are exempt from coverage. The ADA applies to private employers with 15 or more employees and to state and local governments.

It may help to consider an example of how rights may continue over many years. Jeff has a reading disorder. For a long time he wanted to become a lawyer, and now he is in law school. He received special education and related services under the IDEA during public elementary school. He went to a small private religious high school and received accommodations under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. He received extra test time on the SAT, during college, on the law school admission test (LSAT), and in law school. Under the ADA, he will be entitled to extra test time on the Bar Examination.

Do all people with learning disabilities have legal rights under the Rehabilitation Act and ADA?

No. Many have legal rights, but some do not. Under the Rehabilitation Act and ADA, a disability is an impairment that substantially limits a major life activity, such as learning. Children and adults with learning disabilities, in many cases, have been found to have an impairment that substantially limits learning. That substantial limitation means that these individuals have a disability under the Rehabilitation Act and ADA and are protected under these laws.

Let’s look at an example. Jim was diagnosed with a reading disorder and math disorder when he was six years old. He received special education under the IDEA for most of elementary school to assist with reading and math. By the time he entered high school, his reading comprehension and speed tested as average, but he continued to receive services under the IDEA for his math disorder through the end of high school. After graduation, Jim enrolled in art school. The art school required one math course as a requirement for graduation, but had a policy allowing course substitutions for the math requirement for students with disabilities that interfered with math. Jim disclosed his math disorder, requested a course substitution for math, and submitted good professional documentation of his disability and his need for accommodation.

What rights do I have under the Rehabilitation Act and ADA as a person with a disability?

Basically you have the right to be free from discrimination on the basis of a disability. In the early school years, a child may be found ineligible under the IDEA but eligible under Section 504 and the ADA. The child would then receive services and accommodations under these anti-discrimination laws. In college, the Rehabilitation Act and ADA provide a right to accommodations for qualified persons with disabilities, so that courses, examinations, and activities will be accessible. These laws also require reasonable accommodations in the workplace for qualified individuals with disabilities.

Notice that the protections of these laws are for qualified persons with disabilities. This means you must be qualified to do the college program or job in order to be protected under the law. You may have to prove you are qualified. This is different from public elementary and secondary school, where you were presumed to be qualified to be educated.

An example will illustrate this point. Karen had a reading disorder, auditory processing and memory retrieval problems. She received special education throughout public school. She had extra time on the SAT and did well enough to get into a college social work program. She disclosed her disabilities, requested the accommodation of extra test time and a reader for examinations, and provided supporting professional documentation. She received the requested accommodations but failed essay tests anyway. She was dismissed from the social work program. She then sought to set aside the dismissal on the ground that she couldn’t take essay tests on such complex material because of her memory retrieval problem. In the end, the finding was that the school had provided all requested accommodations, that the school had done nothing improper, and that Karen was not qualified for the program.

What accommodations would I be entitled to in college?

College accommodations depend upon your particular disabilities and how they impact on you in the college setting. Accommodations might include: course accommodations (e.g., taped textbooks, use of a tape recorder, instructions orally and in writing, note taker, and priority seating) and examination accommodations (e.g., extended test time, reader, and quiet room).

What accommodations would I be entitled to in my job?

Workplace accommodations depend upon your particular disabilities and how they impact on performing the essential functions of your job. Accommodations might include: instructions orally and in writing, frequent and specific feedback from supervisors, quiet workspace, and training course accommodations.

What about ADHD? Is it covered under the law?

Yes, if it meets the criteria of the particular law. ADHD, while not expressly listed, may be covered by the IDEA under one of three categories: other health impairments, specific learning disabilities, and serious emotional disturbance. ADD has been found to be an impairment under the Rehabilitation Act and ADA and, like learning disabilities, is a disability if it substantially limits a major life activity, such as learning.

How do I assert my rights in college?

You need to disclose your disability to the college, request specific accommodations, and supply supporting professional documentation. In public school, the school system has a duty to identify students with disabilities. This is not so in college. The student has the responsibility to disclose the disability and to request accommodations. You must be specific about the accommodations that you need because of your disability. It is not enough to say that you have learning disabilities, so the college must help you.

Let’s look at an example. Sarah is taking courses at the community college. She has a reading disorder, expressive writing disorder, and ADD. She requested one and one-half time on tests, separate room for tests, a reader to read exam questions to her, and a scribe to take down her answers. She provided good professional documentation to support her request and was granted the requested accommodations.

There are student requests that the college is not obligated to grant. For example, if you did not request an accommodation on a test and failed it, generally you may not require the college to eliminate the failure from your record.

Should I disclose my disability at work?

It depends If you do not need accommodations in the application process; generally it is best to wait until after you have the job. Once on the job, if you see that a part of your job is a problem for you and believe you need an accommodation, it is best to act promptly and not allow a long period of poor performance. Also, at the time you disclose your disability, request the specific reasonable accommodations that will enable you to do your job.

Let’s consider an example. Carlos has problems with expressive writing, spelling, and fine motor coordination. After high school, he was hired as a security guard. On the job, he began to have problems with the reports he had to write. The reports were messy, had spelling errors, and were often submitted late. He sensed that his boss was becoming annoyed. Carlos disclosed his disabilities and requested that he be able dictate his reports into his tape recorder and then type them up on one of the computers (with spell check) at the main office at the end of each day. His request was granted.

How should I disclose my disability?

Disclose the disability in writing. Be confident and positive. Combine the disclosure with a request for accommodations that will enable you to perform the job. Provide professional documentation of your disability and need for accommodations.

What documentation of my disability and need for accommodations do I have to provide?

You need to provide documentation that establishes that you have a disability and that you need the accommodations you have requested. This might be a letter or report for the college or employer from the professional who has evaluated you. It should state the diagnosis and tests and methods used in the diagnostic process, evaluate how the impairment impacts on you, and recommend reasonable accommodations.

What if I find out I have a learning disability during college or even later?

A late diagnosis of learning disabilities may be questioned more than an early diagnosis. It is important to have excellent documentation of the disability. It may be important to explain why the disability was not evident earlier. For example, Janet was diagnosed during her first year of college with a reading disorder. There were reasons why the problem had not shown up earlier. She had done well in the elementary and secondary school because she went to schools that did not have timed tests. She put in the extra time needed to successfully complete her course work and her tests. In college, timed tests posed a major problem for her and led her to seek a thorough evaluation. She was able to document her reading disorder and her need for extra test time in college and medical school.

What if I take medication for ADD? Do I still have rights?

Yes. The existence of a disability is to be judged without reference to the possible beneficial effects of medication. The taking of prescription medication for ADD does not result in loss of disability status under the Rehabilitation Act and ADA or in loss of reasonable accommodations.

Can learning disabilities or ADD cause a person to be rejected for service in the Armed Forces?

It depends. Many individuals with learning disabilities or ADD join the Armed Forces and report that the structure and clear expectations help them to do well. However, these conditions may prevent some individuals from obtaining the required score on the Armed Forces Qualifying Test. The Armed Forces are not required to grant accommodations, such as extended test time, on the qualifying test. Further, military regulations provide that academic skills deficits that interfere with school or work after the age of 12 may be a cause for rejection for service in the Armed Forces. These regulations also provide that current use of medication, such as Ritalin or Dexedrine, to improve academic skills is disqualifying for military service.

Can I be fired from my job or dismissed from college even if I establish that I have a disability?

Yes. Having a disability does not create absolute entitlement to a job or college education. The purpose of the anti-discrimination laws is to make sure you have equal opportunity. For example, if you have math disorder and cannot pass a required math course (with no substitutions permitted) for an engineering program, then you would not be qualified for the engineering program.

What about confidentiality of disability records I file with a college or an employer?

Colleges generally have confidentiality policies with respect to disability material. The employment provisions of the ADA contain confidentiality provisions. However, these provisions are not as strong as the IDEA provision that provides for a right to delete disability records contained in your public school files.

For example, Ruth’s parents submitted professional documentation of her learning disabilities and depression to her public high school. Ruth submitted the same documentation to her first employer when she disclosed her disabilities and requested job accommodations. After leaving her first job and being hired by a new employer, Ruth decided that she did not need accommodations in the new job. She also decided to request deletion of her disability information from prior files, while retaining copies in her own files in case she would need the records later. The public high school complied with her request. Her first employer informed her that the disability information could not be deleted but was kept in a separate, confidential file.

If I don’t get what I ask for, should I sue?

A lawsuit is not the first step. First, you must evaluate your own position. It may be wise to consult with a lawyer to review the strong points and weak points in your case. If your case has merit, and you wish to pursue it, then follow these steps: communicate to the college or employer the basic facts and the reasons why you are entitled to what you have requested, negotiate by marshaling the facts that support your request, consider alternative dispute resolution (e.g., mediation and arbitration), and finally consider formal proceedings, such as litigation in the courts.

Remember, even if you have a strong case, it does not mean you must take legal action. You may decide that you wish to put your energy into moving on to a new college program or job rather than disputing events at the prior program.

Author:   Patricia H. Latham, JD, in conjunction with the LDA School-age and Postsecondary Advocacy Committees

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  1. MARION SILAS says:

    I am a NYC Juvenile Counselor and the mother of a MMR, learning disabled 21yr old son Mikal who graduates from high school in June and dreams of attending college and working in the summer time. I am truly thankful for the information I just received from you. I was so worried about my son’s future, now I am going to share this information with the other parents.

    • LDA of America says:

      Hello Marion, Thank you for your comment and we’re thrilled that the information you received is timely and provides help for you and your son.

    • Hello there Marion, I am working on a project for school. Me and my friend’s topic is Individuals with disabilities education act. I was wondering if we could use your knowledge on mental disabilities/the I.D.E.A.S. act. If you could respond ASAP that would be gladly appreciated.

    • kimberly says:

      Hello, I am so glad i have found this site to educate myself about my sons,both with IEPs and i want the best for them .by me reading all this it gives me an very clear understanding of what i need to do to get them the best education they need. thank you.

      • K.s. Pierce says:

        Sometimes parents/guardians become “sheeple” in the education system and depend on the educators for what is needed. And IEP is not the same as an IAP and an IEP does not necessarily follow a person into adulthood. Without an IAP, under most federal and state laws, you do not get the same protection under the Disability Act.

        • JACKEY SMITH says:

          Excuse my lack of knowledge here, but what is an IAP? My 20 year old son was labeled “developmentally delayed” in first grade and he has had an IEP ever since. He was in a community college program until we had to move to the west coast recently. The school system placed him back in high school, which HA mentally messed with his confidence.

    • shirley says:

      Im trying help my son with problem he in college and it is very hard disability and his programs I need help for a lawyer

      • I need legal help but i need help help help. learning etce etc oh im in a hole trying to jump out but its too deep.

      • Christina Jensen says:

        Hi Shirley.

        I will like to get in contact with you to hear more about the situation with your son.
        I am a journalist working on the subject.
        Is this possible?


      • My son is 31 years old and has a severeorks on and off because he gets bored easily with a job. He doesn’t know how to read well or simply know how to spell the word “the”. He gets angry a lot. He got his driving license and passed the written test after 7 times. I try to encourage him all the time. I try to teach him how to spell words when he was younger, but his lack of patience was undeniable. His writing skills is like a 5 year old. He lives with me and my second husband which gets on my husband’s nerves. He never graduated from High School and got thrown out of elementary school for his behavior. He is extremely difficult to live with and doesn’t want to listen to reason. I am a mother who has a lot of patience, but it’s wearing thin. Does anyone have the same problem like I do with their 30 year old son or daughter?

        • Jennifer says:

          Hi Debbie,
          I just read this today, my heart goes out to you n I just want to say how are you? As a mom of a learning disability child I totally understand where your at. I hope things improved since the last time you posted and I pray you found help! May God be with you and your son and open doors for you to find the right help that you so need!! Sincerely, Jennifer

        • michael len mcdaniel says:

          i think i know where coming from a little is he taking med im not saying meds are the answer but sonds adhd whats he interested in

        • Stacie Warren says:

          Support him no one can understand how frustrated it is with this disability. Never give up on him it is hard for me. I experienced the same disability. My children inherited from me. The way I am facing it is to never give up so my children will have hope. My grandchildren are next to experience this inherit disability. I don’t want them to go three what has happen to me. We have to protect them it’s not his fault. I pray for you and your child. When everyone else give up on you it makes you give up keep encouraging him to never give up.

    • Priscilla avalos says:

      Hi my name Priscilla I’m 25 years old n I have a few learning disability s auditory processity memory retrieval n reaching disorder n ADD I live on my own but this question is not about school its about my land lord she don’t explain to me what I need to do so she sends me complaints I do comply the best way by asking Or if I have questions she don’t tell me so now I feel like since she know i have a disability she takes advantage of not giving me the full answer if that’s makes sence im getting evicted because I’m not corporate

  2. My Daughter was definitely discriminated against for Nursing Degree at a state college they asked for a copy of her IEP and 10 days later she received her letter of rejection even though her GPA was 3.9 and she is 35 out of 275 in her class maybe we should have never disclosed it until after she was admitted. It’s sad seeing her so discouraged . Unable to use her scholarships because she was not accepted anywhere in her home state.

    • Myles Glasgow says:

      Perhaps the rejection was a mistake or could be challenged. State colleges need tuition money and do not turn it down just because a person had an IEP. Did she have the support of her state’s Department of Human Services’ Department of Rehabilitation responsible for providing students with disability financial support for college costs? Perhaps the grantors of her scholarships could have helped to persuade the college of her choice to reconsider their rejection of her? It helps to have well connected and intelligent advocates, even a lawyer, advocate for a person with a disability, but the colleges usually have staff of their own who can advocate for an applicant to be accepted. Most colleges have those staff and a face to face interview with them can bring them on board to advocate within the institution for an applicant. Check out “The K&W Guide to College Programs & Services for Students with Learning Disabilities of AD/HD by MaryBeth Kravets, MA and Imy Wax, MS, published by Random House, Inc. New York for The Princeton Review, see PrincetonReview.com. at 1111 Speen Street. Suite 550, Framingham, Massachusetts, 01701.
      If necessary, get a good local advocate or attorney experienced in challenging colleges rejecting applicants with special education needs but aim for the college or university with the best program for your daughter which you might learn of from the above referenced book. Good luck.

    • Caroline Purvis says:

      By law, the school cannot ask for any information about learning disabilities prior to being accepted to a college verbally or on paper. Look up John Judge in Austin, Texas. They may be able to take your case on a pro-bono basis. You have two years from the date of the discrimination to file a case.

    • Celine Forte says:

      I am a mother of a 23 year old son with aspergers, ADHD, and nonverbal learning disability who attempted college over the last few years and has failed. He will not be returning to the maritime academy due to his low GPA. He has received extra time and quiet testing room along with tutors and has still failed in physics and his other maritime classes. Very sad and has no direction. Is there a college that he could earn a degree that would result in employment so he could afford to live independently? Desperate at finding answers.

    • I’m in nursing school as well and I experienced the same issues. I was that first LD student to ever be admitted into their nursing program so it was a terrible experience. It even went as far as having to report a professor for discrimination. Luckily, she was removed from the classroom but it took over a year for the administration to take my claims seriously, resulting in a lawsuit. I can learn, just slower. A career in nursing can lead to many different opportunities that don’t even involve physical nursing skills, for example, advocacy nursing, case management, community health, etc. I hope that your daughter is reaping the benefits of all her hard work. 🙂

  3. Loretta Sommers says:

    I have a question that I hope you can clarify for me. My nephew was identified with a learning disability in elementary school. His disability affected his ability to calculate quickly and reading comprehension. He received support throughout his high school career. He attended Ivy Tech and graduated with a degree as a paramedic. He is trying to complete paramedic state license. He has now taken the test four times and still has not passed the test. The test is comprised of 5 sections. He has passed some parts and come very close on others, but all sections have to be passed or the whole test has to be retaken. After not passing two times, he applied for accommodations and was allowed a quiet room with extra time. After the third time, he was required to take additional hours of classes, which he did. This young man’s goal has always been to be a paramedic. He had to work very hard in college and he continues to study everyday. He is a member of our local fire department. He has passed his practicals ( hands on test). He had asked to have the test read to him, but “The Certification Section of Indiana Emergency Services”, the governing body for the exam, would not allow it. Can this be appealed?

    • Hi, I was just wondering if you had found any information on this…. I have a family member in the same situation, he is currently a volunteer, but wants badly to be a full time firefighter!! The written test is what is holding him back, because of his reading disability.

      • Hello,
        I also know of someone who used IEP support in school. hoping to have a test read to them (the only accommodation needed) and was wondering what legal ground they have.

    • Mary F. says:

      I need advise, my daughter had a EIP in first grade, then I move to a different district and they give her a 504 I dont understand the difference a Doctor told that 504 was a consolation prize for me not to ask for more, then when she start middle school the district cut the little help she was receiving and starting to fail and cut hard classes and the school graduate her, I ask them how this is possible with horrible grades the 3 years and she got her diploma, then high school got worse, I requested evaluation every six month during all this years but the special Education denied every time the school counselor and assistant principal told me she will graduate this year as long she show to class even if she has not clue of her academics, also they told me that she needed a 1/2 credit to be considered a Junior. She currently has 9.5 credits. She needed 10 to be considered a Junior. However, by cohort she was considered as a senior. Is this possible by law? I visit a private school for learning problems kids ,they test my daughter and the person who did the test told me she has a learning disability they connect me with a lawyer for Learning Disabilities (“$$”) she starting the process to evaluate my daughter and for them to paid for private school, what is the possibilities of get this done because i dont have the money to paid but Im getting a loan to get this done also she may need a Neuropsychological test and not insurance cover.
      please advise.

    • LORETTA SOMMERS : Did they provide the Text to Speech or Test Read accommodation? Also, how much extra time? 1.5 or 2 X? Also, if there is a written portion, did he have use of Speech to Text or a computer to type his responses?

  4. Fabian says:

    Good site you have here.. It’s hard to find high quality writing like yours nowadays.
    I honestly appreciate people like you! Take care!!

  5. Lynda Packard says:

    I am so hoping someone can give us some hope. My daughter has dyscalculia and can not do college algebra. Period. She received a waiver at community college but we can’t find any 4 year college who will offer he waiver. She has suffered through 2 developmental math classes but can’t pass the final and is nowhere near being able to do the college level math. Is there no hope of completing college?? She is about to give up. We are willing to go wherever she needs.
    Thank you

    • Myles Glasgow says:

      Did she have the support of her state’s Department of Human Services’ Department of Rehabilitation responsible for providing students with disability financial support for college costs? It helps to have well connected and intelligent advocates, even a lawyer, advocate for a person with a disability, but the colleges usually have staff of their own who can advocate for an applicant to be accepted. Most colleges have those staff and a face to face interview with them can bring them on board to advocate within the institution for an applicant. Check out “The K&W Guide to College Programs & Services for Students with Learning Disabilities of AD/HD by MaryBeth Kravets, MA and Imy Wax, MS, published by Random House, Inc. New York for The Princeton Review, see PrincetonReview.com. at 1111 Speen Street. Suite 550, Framingham, Massachusetts, 01701.

    • This website I have suggested is an answer to help with reading and math. It is very expensive but it works wonders for the student.

    • Greenlettertam says:

      I’m walking the same path as your daughter. Do not give up on her, I am a 44 year old man with Dyscalculia. Math literally drives me into a panic complete with head aches, chest pain and dysrhythmia. I’m trying to overcome this, as I am interested in doing Social Work and OP. I have an art background (BA), and it didn’t work out. I think the roots of Dyscalculia are embedded in bad peer learning experiences, but I’m no doctor. That might not be the same for everyone, however, that’s where it started with me. Mathematics relies on discipline, following rules, concentration and getting things right all the time, this can be crippling. Today’s colleges rely so much on basic math to measure the worth of a student that that pressure could become too stressful for some. The schools basically teach children to fear failure when it comes to math. Look to why she’s having the issue, for me, it’s an overwhelming urge to be a success that amounts to my utter failure. Math teaches us to strive for an unattainable goal, perfection, and that’s a great deal of pressure to put on someone. Encourage her to find a way to make money that doesn’t involve math. If that’s not good enough for her (or you), then make sure you get the best books, buy her a shiny iPad to work with or a laptop because text to speech and re – sizing texts are both powerful tools. Make sure she memorizes everything she missed in class. Also, buy Dyscalculia workbooks and be prepared to sit with her, and fight for her. The fight to get services and accommodations from Disability services can be very counter productive. Colleges are for profit, and not all of them will have the budget to help your daughter. A person in disability services at the Community College of Philadelphia said to me “We can’t help you, we’re not a 44K a year college”. Unfortunately, it was hammered into me that you get what you pay for or will pay for.

  6. I am an adult that has lived with OCD for more years than I can remember. I worked as a public employee for Washington State for 15 years when my supervisor of all those years retired. She tried to warn me about how much she protected me (and my job) over the years and to be really careful. Wow was she right, within a couple months the director of our program that I had dedicated my life to, at times neglected my child for, and spent tons of my own money for (without reimbursement) put me on notice. Demanded that in order for me to keep my job, I would need to go to a psychologist of their choosing, being able to have open knowledge of my sessions, and be “cured” in roughly 6 months. 5 of those I would be out on medical leave after having gastric bypass surgery (but still expected to go to my psychologist appointments without fail). Needless to say feeling completely discriminated against and set up for failure, I sadly felt forced to tender my resignation. I decided to return to school (ironically at the school I just left). I guess I should have known better. From the first moment on campus, I have been met with, in my opinion, discrimination from the fin aid department being not willing to help me by clearly outlining what forms I needed to turn and clearly marking deadlines. Upon my explaining to them that I had accommodations awarded to me by their disabilities office, they started making enrolling and getting money for school virtually impossible. Today I was notified that my “file was under review, and they (conveniently) have found many things that they will “be looking into”. I feel so picked on, like they are trying to make it so difficult for me to get fin aid, so not being able to afford it, I will give up. Add that to teachers that refuse to make any time extensions or any other appropriate accommodations, unless I threaten reporting them to the president or the Dean and sometimes not even then. I’m so ready to give up… I guess this is my last hope for ideas… please help

    • Greenlettertam says:

      Your story is similar to mine. Never let anyone know you have a mental illness. They will not understand. Maybe in the future they will.However, in my experience they will react with fear instead of any sympathy. We live in a country that demonizes the mentally ill. Society makes sure to corral them into the same territory as murders and gun toting psychopaths, when most of the mentally ill population is harmless, and desperately wants to succeed like anybody else. My advice is to seek out advocates, be patient and compassionate with your opponent. Write everything down that’s said to you. NEVER display an emotional response unless it’s a happy face and “thank you for your assistance”. In my experience anger will provoke anger. Look for allies, organizations that could help. Also, if you’re interested in calming yourself, meditation works for me. Good luck!

  7. I went to a four year college to a two year college I have a special education diploma now my two year college is saying that they might drop me because to them with a special education diploma is on a diploma at all what should I do???

  8. my name is keisha I’m 42 years old interested in going back to school I have a learning disability I have been working for16 years but I need a new career and today I stepped out for the first time to let everyone know that I have a disabilityI want to go back to school

  9. My stepson has received SSI benefits for a learning disability since childhood. He is now 18, still a Sophomore in high school, and has difficulty spelling/reading above a 4th grade level. Will this prevent him from joining the military?

    • ldaamerica says:

      Based on the facts you provided, your stepson’s learning disability could pose problems for enlistment in the Armed Forces.

      First, an aptitude test is required. Applicants must take the ASVAB (Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery) test. The various services have different required scores, with the Army having the lowest required score. Test accommodations are not required to be given on the ASVAB.

      Second, there are regulations regarding cognitive disabilities. The Army regulation below mentions dyslexia and other academic skills issues.

      Your stepson could ask a military recruiter about his particular situation.

      2-27. Learning, psychiatric and behavioral disorders
      a. Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (314), or Perceptual/Learning Disorder(s) (315) does not meet the standard, unless applicant can demonstrate passing academic performance and there has been no use of medication(s) in the previous 12 months.

      b. Current or history of academic skills or perceptual defects (315) secondary to organic or functional mental disorders, including, but not limited to dyslexia, that interfere with school or employment, do not meet the standard. Applicants demonstrating passing academic and employment performance without utilization or recommendation of academic and/or work accommodations at any time in the previous 12 months may be qualified.

      • I am in need of help my self…….. I’ve work 4 the city in 2008 i was hired provisional And laid off in 2010 i have been trying to get back into the same job 4 two years now just the other day i was informed that i can not get the job because of my iep I need your help please

      • caroline says:

        I was denied reentry to the Armed Forces for my learning disability. I served honorably for four years. The learning disability was not discovered until I attended college, which I was not allowed to graduate from. I have graduated from not one but two high schools with high honors. I also began working for an architectural firm designing log homes at the age of 16. I worked for them four years while gaining an architectural degree prior to my military service. I then got out of the service and was a Port Tower Ship Harbor Supervisor for a military base after my service. I eventually went back to school. At one point, my learning disability was brought up. Later new reasoning was used to include a school training injury that the school never paid for. Furthermore, I had recovered from the injury. They went further to speaking about yet another health issue from eleven years earlier, from an assault causing injury by a military service member during an apartment break-in. The injury caused an internal infection causing multiple health issues which at one point, the hospital did not want the records to be released to the patient. To make a long story short, I tried to go back into the military. After two long years, I get an answer that my learning disability, military assault infection (injury), and allergy to a medication as a reason for a new denial reason. However, in the past I was informed I was accepted. It then went from accepted status to denial with waiver needed for something completely different. I got the doctor to do a test, confirming everything was good. But then a new reasoning came out to conclude that my package was denied for prior accepted conditions and a few new conditions. The new conditions were the infection the doctor at MEPS said they would be able to waiver and the learning disability. My opportunities have been shut down mainly because of a learning disability I likely had since I was a child that was not discovered until I was in college and for a military assault. I was also informed the medication could be waived because they could provide another medication if needed. That does not seem to be the case though. Now I must strike for a new job opportunity in the civilian world.

  10. My grandson was put in a special reading class in first grade for kids who needed extra help and since then has felt he is slower than others. He is now 19 and graduated from high school and is trying to find his way in the real world. He has no idea how to apply for a job, fill out an application and has a very, very, low self esteem. I know he could do fine in a Tech setting but he has no confidence what so ever. Is there somewhere we can get some help for this young man?

    • ldaamerica says:

      Have you tried connecting with your Department of Assistive and Rehabilitative Services (DARS) in your state? It is also known as Vocational Rehabilitation. They are commissioned to help people with disabilities find jobs. They provide skills assessments and will follow your son through the job application process and help him locate meaningful employment. Please search the internet for the DARS office closest to you. Let us know his progress.

    • Look up Scenic View Academy in Provo, Utah They do this kind of thing and have done well by my son!

  11. Shame I never got proper documentation when I was little. I’ve always had ADHD and severe issues in math. Now as a college student, having been out of school for ten years, I find myself lost even in the remedial math class and doubt I can pass the final to move on to the real Algebra class I have to take. I wouldn’t know what steps to follow or how to get diagnosed with dyscalculia, but I know for a fact that I have it. I forget things I learned an hour ago, I never know when to use what math concepts, I can’t ever remember basic math operations from memory- I have to finger count often, which is embarrassing if noticed. It’s a real shame the education in this country is so hard to achieve and so poorly thought through. Most of the core classes required aren’t even related to the field of study. And they wonder why American is having progressvely poorer education rates? Don’t blame us, blame yourselves, the educators.

  12. Hello,
    My daughter is a university college athlete who was told she had to take a diagnostic learning test and it was not optional. The academic counselor and assistant coach was upset that she told me (her mother) about this test. A red flag went up for me when the statement to my daughter was “why would you tell your mother about the test?”!! Im very upset and want to deal with this calm and intelligent because im not happy right now!
    I’m very concerned that they are making her take a test that will label her with a disability and it will follow her through out her college and professional career.

    I need to know if colleges could do this? Force her to take a learning test? Will she be able to continue taking her courses for pre law? How does this test affect her in a negative or positive way???


    • Greenlettertam says:

      They are trying to determine your daughter’s strengths and weaknesses. That information isn’t meant to stigmatize your daughter. I would also contact the college directly and make sure they address your concerns.
      Good luck!

  13. Scenario: I earned my MBA at age 58 from a tier 1 business school in 2011. I entered a second Masters program in the fall of 2012. Despite having a massive heart attack in May, 2013, I completed 4 of the 6 courses with A’s and B’s. I sat through the remaining two courses, and did the weekly work, but for reasons I didn’t understand at the time, was unable to complete the essays. I was due to graduate in June of 2014.

    In April 2014, after going into AFIB, and going through a cardioversion that required the big paddles and high energy jolts, I noticed cognitive changes. Whipping through my essays was like pushing a freight train up hill. They become more pronounced, and I asked the University for an extension, which was granted. Shortly thereafter, I realized I had forgotten a book I read (all of it) and had spent a week on a paper I had already submitted without realizing it.

    Recognizing things were more serious than I had expected, I pro-actively notified the university and asked for more time. It was granted provided I delivered documentation. I saw a Neurologist and Cognitive Therapist. The MRI was OK, but the CLQT test showed moderate to severe impairment to executive function, attention, and memory areas. My Neurologist believes this is due to a mild stroke, and the prognosis is good.

    My university, knowing the above, and knowing that I was in the process of being evaluated, and obtaining documentation, dismissed me from the program for “Academic Performance.”

    My university has been paid in full for all 6 courses and has said I can reapply, for a fee, and if accepted, pay tuition a second time for two courses to complete my degree.

    Clearly I was doing well in the program and an event occurred that caused that to change. I asked for time, it was granted, but before the time had expired, I was dismissed. Two weeks later I had the documentation, and provided it 2 months prior to the revised due date, but nonetheless, was dismissed.

    Do I have recourse, and if so, can you point me to articles, regs, or policy that I could use to support my appeal of this matter? Feel free to email me if you need more information.

    I appreciate your time, and any help you can provide.

  14. Dave Mitchell says:

    I have a question? I have a test coming up for Ford Motor Company. I have a learning disabilitie. Should I let them know before the test or just try my best on the test because I don’t think they have any special test for people with learning disabilities. Thanks

  15. debra tahmasebi says:

    I feel like, I do not fit in any place. Especially in the workforce.w

  16. my son is 27 and has had learning diabilities since 3rd grade. Can he qualify in calif for insurance coverage due to disability as he is still in college? need feedback

  17. My husband has a learning disability, he wants to better himself with getting a better job, but can’t pass the written test, any jobs that pay better require written test, is there any accommodations that can be made for him, I know that he could do the job just passing written test is where he struggles. Looking forward to hearing from you! ☺

  18. My daughter is 22 years old and is just starting her second semester of college. She just barely passed algebra (by 0.5 points), and has always had difficulty with showing her work on math problems, but she can figure out the answers to higher math problems. She was diagnosed with ADD in 1st grade and continues to take medication for it. However, other than help with speech and motor skill problems, she didn’t have help with learning disabilities in school. I feel that I should have done more to get help for her, but I didn’t really know how bad the problems were at the time. I’m not sure where to go to get help for her. I’m now 100% sure that she has suffered from dyslexia her entire life. Please direct me where to go. I would hate for her to fail to achieve her dream of being an engineer.

  19. I am a graduate student and I am currently in the process of interviewing for doctoral programs. When I started my master’s program everyone had to take several diagnostic exams to see if a student needed to any remedial course work. I was given my accommodations for these tests (time and a half and a distraction free location). I was also considered a student by the time the tests occurred. On 2/17 & 18, I have three entrance exams and these can determine whether or not I admitted into the school. I do not know whether or not I should request my accommodations… I am not a student there so they do not really have any obligation to accommodate me. I can do the work but I am concerned that with out the accommodations I won’t do my best or they will judge me based on my needs. A little insight would be helpful.

    • Please note the tests that I have to take in a few weeks are nothing like the ACT or SAT. One subject requires me to write 2 history essays (no problem when I know I have extra time to plan ideas, write, proof read, etc. in a distraction free around), another is music theory, form and counterpoint… if you do not know what that is…. think of it as applying probabilities, possibilities and theories of music to examples… like chem or something… and the other test (which is the most important for me not to get distracted with) is Aural skills, which is when they play something and I have to dictate it from listening to it maybe three times (with my accommodations I always got more playings too).

  20. hey..i am an LD student suffering from dyslexia and disgraphia ..i wanted to ask that am i allowed a calculator in entrance exams for eg: JEE,MHT CET,BITS etc..please reply asap

  21. Cal State Long Beach

    A 4 year university that offers math/algebra WAIVERS – Just substitute w/ english critical thinking instead, other options if you ask. ..provided you’re not majoring in anything math related.

    -Special in depth admissions process that will look over your psycho-educational reports.
    -LD & autism services.
    -The ONLY that Cal-State that officially offers math substitutions.

    CSULB Stephen Benson Learning Disability Program

  22. Hi,
    I have twin identical boys that have a IEP for speech it amazes me that they get only 45 mins a month!! I keep fighting for more but get nowhere. I also take them to a speech pathologist 1 x a week each for extra help and pay out of pocket. They are both falling behind in reading and won’t give it to me either!!! Please help:( desperatly look for an answer!!

  23. Tristan Christ says:

    In California 2009-2010, the community college board of governors passed a law stating that you can only take a class 3 times. If you fail a
    third time you can’t take that course anywhere in the district.

    I have a learning disability, before it was changed I was diagnosed with aspergers and a.d.h.d.
    All I need to graduate is math 100 which is algebra, unfortunatly I have failed this class 2 times and this is the last time I can take it. If I fail this class, I can’t take any other course in any of the local community colleges. Again, this one class is all I need for my associates degree.

    I’ve tried tutoring, and the accommodations don’t really help. So my question is, if I fail and they refuse to take the class again, would that be concerns discrimination against my learning disability? In a sense the college is denying me an education after the third time.

  24. My son got menegitus enphaslitas when he was 7 which caused some brain damage. This has affected his speech, memory, and fine motor skills. He has come along way but has an IEP with accommodations with writing through his fonte word processor and receives speech therapy also through the school. However, though in 7th grade now only is at a 3rd grade level if academics. Is there any possible way he would have the opportunity to attend college?

  25. Jessica says:

    HImy name is Jessica i was in specail classas because of my reading and writing i would like to leaern more and get good at it so when are baby grow up i can teac both of them so please help as soon as possble thsnk you and god bless. i am married we just got married two moths ago and very happy his name is jeffrey.

  26. My sins are 28 and 29 and they graduated from high school and they still have problems reading I was never really educated about special needs although they both were in special ED. At that time I was a young mother and never really understood IEP and special ED I just sent them to school I had 7 kids they all graduated but the two are questioning should they go back to school…question were can they go now for reading classes in Philadelphia for free and are they considered disable

  27. Bonnie Drobeck says:

    My daughter is 27 she is diagnosed bipolar and borderline personality disorder as well as OCD she also has had diabetes since the age of 11 and has had issues with her sugar levels while at this school, not being able to stop in class for a snack ect.she has been going to a University for 4 years and was doing o.k. she decided she wanted to change her direction and enrolled in a cosmetology school, she was doing fine for the first 4 months where alot of the work was hands on she now is in classes for long periods of time and the teachers have started being very verbally ostracizing to her for being so slow getting angry when she asks a question more than once , she has explained to them she has a disability and they have made no attempt to help her beyond teacher how they are for the whole class, they have suggested she take a 30 day break from the school, she went in today to tell them that she wanted to try and do the work and succeed, they went on to say that they were going to have to write her up for incomplete work and if she got one more she would be on a 30 day suspension, she is a nervous wreck she tried to explain that her medications have been changed because she has been getting worse and some of the side effects were effecting her, I feel its time I get involved but I want to know what we need to do to move this forward she has been receiving federal grants to attend the school, which at the beginning of the school session said she was covered for the full amount, not they say she must take out a 9,000 loan to cover the remainder , when she started asking questions about this she was yelled at , she recorded the conversation because this was the 3rd time someone had literally yelled at her, point me in the direction Please we need help handling this with grace and inelegance. thank you for any help you can offer,
    Bonnie Drobeck

  28. I’ve been in college for the past few years and I have taken 3 medical leaves of absence (3 non-consecutive semesters) due to severe depression, OCD, and other mental illnesses. My illnesses are documented by the school in the form of an accommodation plan for exams and additionally the office of student health services and the office of student life are well aware of my illnesses because of the frequent contact I have had with them in regard to taking medical leaves and returning from medical leaves. I have a scholarship from my college that pays for quite a bit of tuition for 8 semesters (4 years). I’ve attempted 6 semesters so far, and only completed 3 of those 6 semesters, so I only have 2 more semesters left of the scholarship, but it is inevitably going to take me longer than 2 more semesters to graduate. I spoke with the financial aid office at my college to find out whether my scholarship could be extended beyond the 2 semesters so that I can graduate from this college, but they were unable to give me a clear answer (I even asked three different people, including the director of student financial services).
    Does anybody have any insight about this? Because I left school for health reasons (voluntarily, though it seemed quite involuntary for the first 2 leaves of absence), do I have any rights for an extended scholarship, or would this be completely up to the college? Are there any other resources that may be helpful? Would seeking legal advice be appropriate?

  29. My personal problem that i don’t find help for on here, which is testing options for adults. i was tested as a child but as a adult in my 40’s the college wont take any test / info from past school because their out of date. i was told to get re-tested but the places i was ref. to are almost $1600.00. This cost is out of my budget and as a single parent of 2 , not a option. Any information about a work around for this would be great if anyone knows of one. Thanks Wendy

    • Wendy Im sorry to hear about your problem..Im a single parent and I am also enrolled at a major 4 year school Florida State University which has been less then accomidating to me I have had to suffer and struggle for 3 years and now I am less then a year from graduating with a degree in psychology. I just wanted to let you know from one person to another you got this you can do it and dont give it

  30. My 18 year old daughter and I went to our nearest community college to register for fall classes. She has been in special ed since 5th grade. Which I paid for private testing first for auditory processing disorder and also the testing for iep. She qualified for services for math. She had a 504 at first. She was diagnosed with bipolar at 14. They didn’t give her help as a freshman, but put her back in special ed as a sophomore . It’s been a long road. Anyway back to the community college the person we worked with was flat. She showed no encouragement and told us there was no classes for special ed students just basic pre college classes. We just left without registering. I looked up your sight and realize you have to ask for your rights. Doesn’t seem quite right, but thanks for the information.

  31. my daughter just finished her second year of college as a pre nursing major .she has met all the requirements for admission. she has the required GPA but he competitiveness of the program may not allow her to continue becsuse they accept the highest gpas. She will never have the highest GPA but that does not mean she is not qualified. does she have any recourse with the Disabilities Act for her ADD to change the admission process to not just include gpa? Her disability is documented. Any advice will be appreciated.

  32. Can a MD provides the documentaries or does it have to be a psychologist or something Else.
    Im 19 and trying to get some help for when I start college I am profoundly Dyslexic

  33. Thank you very much for this information. I am 48 years old and have recently had testing done. I was found to have a learning disability. It was not a huge shock to me because I always suspected it, but it does help to know specifics. I am now looking into going back to college with the aide of some of the resources you mentioned. A lot has changed in 30 years and I am so looking forward to having a different educational experience than I did the first time around.

  34. I’m also a learning difficulties student and managed to graduated high school this year at the age of 21. It took me 5 years to be advance in the academic learning and learning how to apply a job, especially not being able growing in America. but I did home-schooled under a American High School under California State. I’ve learned a lot of things in life in general, in terms of how to balance my budget, apply a job and travel independently. My parents did not taught neither of those skills at the aged of 16.

    I was diagnosed with Dyslexic and ADD when I was born. I had the inability to read, write and do math knowing that my mom could not afford sending me to good school in States for better help and opportunity to be good at my learning and improve my english. I only know one language, which is a American English and British English. I couldn’t cope learning my own native language until today. I can speak my native language fluently and I can’t write well. Yes, I know the unending struggles and those sleepy nights trying to accomplished a assignments and preparing for an exam. Parents should seek therapist to gauge and expand the memory of difficulties learners. I’ve managed to get an average 2.63 GPA with the heavy studying and financial and emotion problems I faced in that 5 years.

  35. I have a son who is 26 and has been diagonsed with ADD in second grade and has been in special ed classes althrough high school. He just went back to a community college last year. A psycharitrist that we were seeing along with him informed us about the disabilities act. I was wondering if there is an age limit
    on this for accomodations in college.

    Thank you again.

  36. Very informative and beneficial, thank you for your help!
    I am 20 years old and I was diagnosed with ADHD at the end of second year in pharmacy school. I am in a 6 year PharmD program, the first 2 years are pre-pharmacy and students must obtain a GPA of 2.7 or higher to be put in the third year (which is the first professional year). My GPA at the end of second year was 2.690 and the school placed me out of my professional program. Now I am trying to get the deans to let me retake the second year and retake courses I didn’t do so well in to boost up my GPA which is only fair since I was diagnosed late and I was intellectually impaired compared to the average healthy student. Do you think I, legally, have the right to tell the school to give me a reasonable accommodation for the program that I am in so I can retake a year due to my late diagnosis. Science courses and exams were very time limited and i wasn’t granted any extra time on exams when i needed them in the first two years and I think its unfair that my hard work is being compared to other kids who have no attention problems who studied just as much as I did and scored better. Thank you!

  37. my nephew has graduated this year. he took the sat and found out he has reading problem. can the school district pay the cost to test and document issue so accommodations will be provided in college. can we get ada or idea testing even though he has received his diploma.

  38. Stewart Larson says:

    Where should I look for part time jobs for my son who has a learning disability? He has completed grade 11 and needs to start learning how to function in the workforce.

  39. Hi,
    So I was in a graduate program and came across some difficulties with a class that I was not interested in. It resulted in me retaking the whole year (which I had all A’s and b’s in except that one class) passing that Class then failing a class I had previously passed by less than 0.5%. I was dismissed and I appealed after seeing my doctor, getting tested and being diagnosed with Add. According to him I had been able to compensate up until now because I have never really been challenged (which is true). I submitted a letter about my diagnosis and a letter from my doctor for an appeal to be readmitted due to having a learning disability I did not previously know about and hadn’t been treated for. The committee didn’t even reevaluate my appeal and so the dean never saw it. They just stated something like they didn’t think that there was adequate evidence to reassess. I feel discriminated against and that they didn’t even take my case seriously. Any suggestions on how I could fight back?

  40. Jamie Gordin says:

    I have bad anxiety and ADD. My instructor gave me a harder fill in the blank test after stating it would be multiple choice and even counted off for spelling stating it had to be word for word from the outline that was given. This test wasn’t beneficial in passing the test that’s yet to come, the Kaplan test. The other students recieved a multiple choice test. Now I’m failing because of this test. What can I do to protect myself?

  41. Jamie Gordin says:

    I have already taken this nursing class and passed it in another program but they are trying to fail me and even stated this to the disability services if I miss a day, they could fail me. They really hated me being in their program all because I have a disability. How do I protect myself?

  42. Hello my name is Belinda I’m a 48 years old I have been interested in going to school sense I graduate from high school but I don’t know where to start I have been working in childcare for 17 years I want a new career in the medical field and yes I do have Learning Disabilities please help. Thank you

  43. wanda fisher-george says:

    hello: it been hard for me through life , I was rape at the age of 9 yrs old. I was withdraw from everybody and school. I was put in special ed, and place in regular classes when I got to middle school. I was so Disfuntional through school. I completed the 11th grade and couldn’t understand my books. then I move to Dallas, Texas and receive my G.E.D. I start reading more and I didn’t know what the words mean. and if you ask me what did I read I couldn’t remember. I tried going to a community college and a teacher said to me I don’t know why people come to college for they can’t comprehend. it was embarresing to me. but I so desire to go back and learn and get a degree to improve my living standards and help others and my grandkids.

  44. I’m57 looking for some help to learn and earn a degree.

  45. Debi Schmidt says:

    Hi i am 55, my family used to help me, they are now deceased, i am also divorced, have been struggling all my life but none of us realized it was because of my LD as i was not ever officially diagnosed. Well just lost another job, and the stess leading up to the loss put me in hospital, this has been a pattern that has only NOW been connected to my newly diagnosed LD, great, so how do i get help, everyones gone, deceaased, i am strugling even understanding how to file for everything or gather document i should have had, how does an LD PERSON help themselves when they are trying and are still lost and confused. Seems like i’m a burden to everyone, if only i were rich enough to pay for assistance, but i am not and going down hill fast, i make lots of mistakes that get me in trouble real fast, no job, not sure i filled out the unemployment form correctly, my bsnk acount just went into a negative balance, health ins is over at end of months. And lots of medical bill fying in, tried to file bancruptcy takes money to do that, now with my diagnosis in hand, which hurts to know i have, i am struggling to understand all that i need to do, docs to get, i have memory problems, so how come i am not able to get my old ins companies tp help me with claims that would give old doctors names so i could write each of them to get old reports to back up my claims, wish i was diagnosed when i was im school, too bad they didnt know back then, all i know is A’S for effort and d, f and e, a few b were most of my grades always in same classes k thru 8, sumerscool every year, after scool help all the time, spanish class waived?,left back in k and almost in 8th. 3Monthpremie i was, 2lbs 9oz. Only when i got out of hs i made ininto com college, but then could not pass the classes, same with jobs, i am well liked, i can get the job by passing interview, but its not ling after i am struggling them more struggle and stress to try to kerp job, not understandibg why i cant, then suckness stress and depression begin boss not happy with me i try harded lie and take work home trying to show good job, failure stll, end with breakdowm and job loss, then i try a totaly diff tue job, same routine, same end, now after so many diff jobs, i have run out of ideas, this last one i thought would work, but no…….now i am filing unemployment, bankruptcy, ssd, not married so will lose home if not careful, worked so hard, not many friends, surey none that want to act tike a parent to a 55yr old woman, no sorry would rathe do suicide than sell myself, not looking good

  46. My daughter is in college at Murray State University on financial aid. She has struggled with school over the years. No one ever proposed to me to have her tested or told me about a Section 504 Plan. She has since been put on academic probation and had to sit out the fall semester. They told her that she could reapply in January. We had her tested and they found several learning disabilities to explain why she has been struggling so much. She hasn’t given up, but it is hard. They have now denied her financial aid, even with test results for proof of why grades are what they are. We really don’t know which way to turn. She has to have financial aid or she can’t go to school. She has to register for classes in November for January. Every time she tries to talk to someone at financial aid office, she ends up at a dead end talking to a student. Please help.

  47. I am the mother of a young man with a learning disability. He enrolled at the local community college but was unable to carry a full time class load due to his disability. He was told by someone at the school that he could carry less than the full 12 units per semester and still be considered a full time student due to his disability. I am trying to locate some information that confirms this “accommodation”. If anyone has any information , I would appreciate the help.

  48. Its been 7 years since graduating highschool with a 1.4 GPA.
    I did have a IEP for math. Once I entered highschool my mother was informed that I was doing well and could be removed from the program however I would still be monitored and if my GPA dropped the program would be reopened. That wasn’t the case however so my grades dropped and I was unaware until I graduated, viewing my documents and seeing the low GPA crushed me. It has bothered me for years. To assure myself I was normal or average I have been tested and cleared as normal. I make A’s and B’s I’m college even the year after leaving highschool I was making good grades in college. I just changed my mindset, wanted to be mature, and begin to excell. Don’t label yourself….Anyhow in retrospect knowing the agreement of the IEP could I have sued the school for not acknowledging my GPA?

  49. im 24 yrs old i did not finish school i have an iep with a learning disabilty i was wondring how long tge school holds tge iep for

  50. i have a 23 year old daughter with a learning disability she had all threw school she attendant national beauty acamady and she having trouble with her written pre test at school she said she needs someone to ready it to her but the school isnt wanting to offer it for her how can i go about getting this done for her its her board exams coming up and she wants to pass it needing help please ..

  51. carlene hornyak says:

    I have been suspended from school because of mentally disable I have ADHD And bipolar because I am disable they are discriminating against me. I ask for someone to present me they said no. I have several emails saying was doing well in my class and their was disruption in these classes.

  52. Thanks a lot, Patricia! you’ve provided some very useful information here. Legal rights of an individual having ADHD will surely help him deal with the discrimination on the basis of a disability. One would also be able to get special education on grounds of their disability, which is a great plus. Thanks again for posting such a nice article!

  53. I have a question. Me and my daughter live in Florida but my child support order originated in Philadelphia. My daughter has a cognitive learning disability and she currently attends a school for children with special needs via a state scholarship so she can get the proper help she needs that she wasn’t getting in public school. She is now finally doing great in school due to all the help she gets in her current school. She wants to go to college once she graduates high school and I wanted to know if we would have the chance to request her father resume paying child support after she is 19 ( which is the age she will be once she graduates high school due to her being held back when she wasn’t reaching grade level goals in public school). Her disability is documented and I’m trying to figure this out so she can pursue a college education and have extra financial help to accomplish this. Thank you again..

  54. Hello, I have ADHD and dyslexia. I work for a company
    That you have to be tested to be qualified for a job.
    Well I passed at an entry-level position and landed the job.
    But in order for me to move up in the company I have to pass the test
    At the next level.
    It is timed, on computer, and takes about 4 hrs.
    I have been told they offer no accommodations for people with my disability.
    What can I do?
    This is a multi-million dollar company with lots of employees I’m sure I’m not the only
    one with this problem but may be the only one that will speak up.
    Please help me if you have any information that could help me.

  55. Danielle Matthews says:

    I found your article very helpful I have a son 23 yrs old and he has graduated from his high school in the special ed dept . He graduated 2010 his disabilities include reading and math . He really want to work and go to college. We recently moved to nevada and there has been a waiting list to get him in a job training program. Its been a year .When he go on interviews he is never called and he is honest about his disabilities. It hurts to see him struggle and want to achieve higher education and live the life in what is suppose to be non discriminatory society but it breaks his self esteem and he feels useless he explains I searching for some time of insight on what I can do to help my son excel and be the best

  56. So I was diagnosed as a child with dyslexia I was able to self accomadate until the stresses of medical school. In medical school the academic councilor rediganoised me with dyslexia. They gave me an accommodation of extra time on exams which I felt didn’t help me. I was struggling with the spacial orientation on some questions and failed a couple of classes. I felt the help I was receiving wasn’t helping me and went outside to get help with an educational psychologist. I then asked to repeat the year to build my foundation better for the board exams at the end of year 2. When I presented my plan to the school they moved to dismiss me saying if my problems were psychological then it would be easy to fix but because its structural then I will not be successful. Worst part is that the classes I failed I did so by less then 5 raw points or within a percent or two of passing. Is this allowable? I feel that all is lost at this point.

  57. Tina Stover says:

    Hello. I am 35 years old I was always in contained classes in school and I have a learning disability. I am a drop out. I didn’t know how much it would impact my life from dropping out but now I want to finish but when I was in high school they said I would have to get a special diploma because there was no way I would be able to get my regular diploma. My question is now that I am a adult is there any way I can get my special diploma? I have looked and I can’t find any information on special diplomas for adults. There is no way I can pass a GED because I only have a 3 gread math and such. Is there something I can do?

  58. jertonya R Mays says:

    i think it is not right to take away kids rights as they are smart and intelligent who have the academic challenges for there life in college for but what if they sped last year in and take regular this year do they have a chances of getting into college

  59. Kim Dostie says:

    Hi my son is 23 and hAS a severe reading disability ..graduated high school and has been working as an apprentice electrician for the past 4 years.HE has done exceptionally well on the job.. And is actually better than some of the license guys..Per the owner of the compny…he iis driven he is awesome at what he does and he loves it …it is now time for him to take a journeyman test and I don’t know how he’s going to pass because it is a written written test .. He has had testing done recently and the dr doing the testing has saidthis is one of the more severe cases he hs ever seen.. he does have accommodations probably some of the most aggressive accommodations that anyone has ever had including 100%’extra time ,separate testing area a reader etc. it is an open book test but has to actually go into the book to find the answers and reading is just so difficulty is having panic attacks about this and I don’t know how we’re going to get through this… I can’t point on enough how awesome he is at what he does…the company he’s working for it is a very big company and he is gotten numerous awards for his work of excellence but it’s just this damn test you have to pass on paper which is not going to make a difference of what he can do or what he cannot doon the job ..Thisis so frustrating…

  60. Belinda Martin says:

    I have a question I have not seen addressed anywhere else. A young man I know co-signed a student loan for his sister. She defaulted and they are coming after him to pay the loan. He graduated high school with a LD Diploma due to difficulty in reading and comprehension. He did not understand any of the terms when he signed and his sister told him the government pays the loan when she graduates because she is a single mom. She also told him he would have to move out of her house if he didn’t sign. Is he legally liable as a cosigner on this loan?

  61. Patty Mcmahan says:

    Help..I’m desperate and I’m not sure what to do! My grandson just turned 18 and he got a hi-set diploma after struggling throughout school.When he was in elementary school he was diagnosed with ADHD and was given medicine and was in IEP.He has mild mitral valve prolapse and the medicine was bad on his heart so I decided to take him off of it.Once he got in middle school IEP 504 didn’t carry over to sixth grade.I told various teachers and the principal that he had ADHD and probably needed tested again but it was never done.Middle school was a nightmare for him as he was bullied every day because he was bi racial.His grades were not good and he was struggling and never could pass math so he was excluded from any school activities.In eighth grade his mother died suddenly and not one person in that school said sorry about your mom.He was given one day out of school due to her death so now he is dealing with all of that and his only way of dealing with all that pressure was to read,he always carried a book so when he was being bullied or excluded he would read s he became an excellent reader but he started missing too many days of school and once he got into a 99% all white high school things became unbearable as the bullies multiplied and tortured him daily to where he had nightmares about it at night.I told the principal about my concerns and that I felt like he needed tested again for IEP but to no avail.This kid was scared of change but finally he came to me one day and said he couldn’t take it anymore so I put in a request for him to be transfered to another high school with the school director who refused to let him switch until I said there is criminal behavior going on and it’s a hate crime and once she talked to him she switched him immediately but at that point he was on probation for missing to many days so he didn’t go in with the best record and he is still struggling to pass and failing math.All throughout school he never fought back or took up for himself.Things were going much better at the new school socially however but one day in math class a boy hit a girl in class and he took up for her without thinking and swung and hit the wrong boy who happened to be a star football player so that violated his probationand gave him a new charge if hitting the boy and they expelled him for 11 days until we went to a school board hearing with every member there and I told them the whole situation and I thought he still had ADHD and needed tested and that he had been through more than most adults could handle.They let him go back to school but the 11 days of expulsion also gave him more missed days so he was put on state probation.All the football players started threatening to beat him up and it was all too much.I was afraid he might become suicidal even so I took him out of school to home school,one of his requirements was to not fail any classes however he was blind to math and couldn’t pass so they violated him again and got him put out of the homeschool so I had to homeschool through another program after paying $800 for that one.He was depressed and couldn’t hardly focus or function but he continued to do his work and everything else probation required and I told the county probation officer as well as the state DC’s probation officer and others that he was a good kid and a smart kid but I thought he needed tested for ADHD or a learning disability and they even agreed with me but never tested him.I knew they should have tested him again because I had read about Wright’s Law and wrote it down and showed it to the probation officer but my grandson has always said he wanted to go to college and I feel like he could do well but he needs special help in math,memory,etc so On my own I started searching for help and I paid to have a very in-depth extensive test done by a school psychologist who gave me a book of results which confirmed what I had been saying.He does have mild ADHD and a definite learning disability.After the probation officer had us meet with the GED director he went ahead and went to adult Ed classes through the board of Ed and took his hi set and got his diploma.We went back to court and had a big problem he failed his drug test for marijuana so now he’s violated again for that so I took him four days a week to counseling for that for 3 months and it was an isolated incident and the probation officer had acted like it was about to be over but when we recently went to court the DA and probation officer said they wanted to keep him on probation until he’s 19 and demanded I pay for insurance for counseling since his just ran out since he’s 18 and they demanded his fafsa be filled out and he attend college,etc,etc so I said enough I want a lawyer,they were sooo mad!!! I think he had a traumatic childhood between his mothers illness and death,daily bullying,and struggling to be able to do school work with no help from anyone.H e has made mistakes but done everything requested he do.He doesn’t really go anywhere unless I take him.He doesn’t have a licence yet due to all of this but now suddenly the probation officer is pushing for him to get his licence and I told her I don’t think you want to pass him on the road yet since he hasn’t gotten driving experience yet due to this.I told her I was checking into colleges for fall but I want him to have a fair chance.If they demand he attend and pay for college and he happens to fail a class he’s violated again.I just think that’s toooo much pressure starting off in college on probation .I don’t understand why they want to keep him on this it seems like they want to set him up to fail.I don’t think it’s fair and not one person, not a teacher,school counslers,principal,school board,probation officers,dcs and even the juvenile court would not test to see why he was struggling so bad.But I have the test results now,a homeschool director and a school psychologist that said he scored at the top level on certain subjects but almost had discalcula and other issues.There was a huge gap in his learning that should have been caught and helped with but everyone failed this kid.I just don’t know what to do.I don’t know an attorney that I should call the only special Ed attorney in my county is running for the school board right now so he might not be helpful and this kid needs help so he can start fresh and be as successful as possible..Sorry so long.Im desperate for any thoughts,advice,or help!!! Thanks

    • Patty Mcmahan says:

      Also I just want to add that when I had him tested he scored equivalent of a 26 yr old COLLEGE graduate in some subjects but way below average in math and a few things.He has the ability to be a teacher,professor,psychologist etc if he gets the special Ed help he needs.Should I sue ?That’s what was suggested by a couple of people with authority or let it go.I just want him off of probation at this point so he can start out his adult life slot better than middle and high school years.Is there an attorney that can advice me as well.?

  62. Hello I am a senior in high school and I went to my school consuler and asked for help filling out college applications and she told me sense I am on an IEP that the adjusted classes I am taking is not preparing me for college and that I wouldn’t be able to get into any universities in less I take regular class but I would fail then. Is that true or is there away around that cause I really want to go to college next fall. I was also told sense I am on an IEP that I would get an diploma called an IEP diploma which stops us from entering the military and two-year colleges, so I talked to a college and they told me if I got my GED with that diploma that I could go to a college. Do you agree with all of this or is there something else I can do?

    • Julian Ramirez says:

      You got the right to go to any collage you want. I have a iep as well. I work as ems first responder in new york city. And i am in medical assistant student. At a vocational education school in new York city. Am going to my externship on September 28,2016. So do not give up on your golden and deam. To go to collage and study hard and you will get farther. I stay have hard time. But I come going.work hard and study hard. You will see the difference results. And God will guide you through hard times

  63. HI. I am 38 years old attending a private cosmetology academy and I am disabled mentally, with fibromyalgia and epilepsy and other illnesses. I told the school 8 month before that I have these disabilities, I signed a contract with them because they did accept me knowing my condition, I received a full grant from the bureau of rehabilitation and unemployment which they did testing before I was granted the payment for school and now I am obligated to take a “leave of absence” against my will because of my absences due to my illness. Am I protected by the rights of students with hidden disabilities under section 504 of the rehabilitation act of 1973? what actions should I take?

    Thank you;

  64. I am a 22 year old male who would like to get a Bachelor’s Degree but I cannot pass math. I have completed enough units to transfer to State but in math. When I was in school I was diagnosed with Asperger’s then in community college I was told I have a Learning Disability. Can I ask for a math waiver from my counselor? I am not good talking I have problems remembering what to say.

  65. Hello;

    My son is about to graduate high school. He has had an IEP since third grade. He was diagnosed with ADHD in second grade and he has a learning disability. He’s always been a C average student. He’s very smart, but has always struggled with math. Because he is very active in school – plays football, wrestles, and runs track, no one would know about his disability unless he told them. Last year, he received a concussion playing football and since, he has had issues with memory. Well, a couple of months ago we began visiting colleges. His dream was to either play in the NFL or to coach. When he met with his guidance counselor, he was told that his GPA was 2.9, but when he applied for a school, they rejected him because based on their calculation it was 1.6. Could he apply for a reasonable accommodation because of his disability? Are colleges required to consider his disability (once disclosed of course) in the admission process and in relation to the GPA?

  66. I have a question. I have a Learning Disability I had to drop courses because I was not getting what I should of had. Is there any way I can get the courses off my academic record?

  67. kerri Chambers says:

    My son was diagnosed in the fourth with a severe learning he was evaluated every year almost till the 12th grade and graduated we special hel we special help from teachers as soon as he gradua he got into some trouble and now he sits in jail cuz he don’t know when and how to comply with probation officer please help my son he’s in jail

  68. Mary Humphries says:

    I am a 71-year-old female. I am two classes away from graduation at a community college. I had a stroke in 2015 and spent one year in physical, speech, and occupational therapy. I was not allowed to drive for one-year. I am unable to do the college algebra. I have tried twice and had to drop the class due to severe stress. My physician wrote a letter to the school and stated that it was his opinion that the stroke left me with cognitive decline and caused me to have difficulty with numerical computations. He also said that he doubted this would improve in the future given the length of time since the event. When I see a math equation, I am unable to solve the problem. It simply does not mean anything to me. The school said they would accept a Portfolio for Prior Learning Credit but I would have to take the math class and fail it and it would also reduce my GPA. I have a 4.0 GPA and pay my own way through school. What would take another student 20 minutes to do, it would take me 2 days. This is causing me so much stress. My plans are to graduate in December of this year, but I CANNOT pass the math. Is there anything else I can do to graduate.

    • LDA of America says:

      First, congratulations on your 4.0 GPA achievement! Not many people can say they had a 4.0 GPA at any point in their college career, so you have already achieved a lot! It’s understandable how you would not want to compromise that impressive GPA at this point, when you’re so close to graduating! If nothing else, you have that feather in your cap already and you should be very proud of your accomplishment! You did not say what accommodations the college is providing for your physical and cognitive disability following the stroke. If you are not receiving testing accommodations in your math class, it may be that receiving extra time to complete the test would give you a chance to pass that class. Or maybe you would benefit from using a talking calculator, which would allow you to process the numbers using both auditory and visual modalities, and that may help with your comprehension. Your college’s office of disability services should be able to help you choose appropriate and effective accommodations, as well as make arrangements for those accommodations to be applied during all your tests. For information about your rights and responsibilities as a person with a disability, see http://oldlda.wphackbusters.com/rights-and-responsibilities-of-college-students-with-learning-disabilities-ld/. Another idea is that you can apply for services with your local Vocational Rehabilitation (RSA) agency. If they accept you as a client, they may be able to arrange for the college to waive the math requirement or provide a course substitution for you. Read the information at http://oldlda.wphackbusters.com/rehabilitation-services-administration-rsa/ to find out more about RSA services and how to find your local RSA office. It may be, however, that the college is unable to waive or provide a course substitution for that requirement, and maybe you’ve already tried testing accommodations and it wasn’t enough. In that case, you may have to consider the option of graduating with less than a 4.0 GPA. But the college’s offer to accept a portfolio may be the closest they’ll come to waiving the math requirement, and while it would lower your GPA to fail one class, it won’t lower it enough to prevent you from graduating. If your goal is to graduate, that’s a choice you may have to make, and remember that most people do graduate with less than a 4.0 GPA.

  69. I have dyscalculia, I was diagnosed with it as a child and it’s been a real struggle to deal with in college. My community college waived the math requirements and also did course substitution, allowing me to transfer to a 4 year state university. The university I’m currently at has NOT helped at all. They are disregarding my paperwork showing my disability (which was done by a disability tester/psychologist) and are basically saying they can’t help me. I’m so close to graduating and don’t know what to do at this point. I’m looking into getting a lawyer since I’ve heard that their disability office is known for turning students with disabilities down (isn’t that illegal?). Any advice would be helpful

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