Has trouble interpreting nonverbal cues like facial expressions or body language and may have poor coordination.
Currently non-verbal learning disabilities are not listed in IDEA or the DSM-5 as a specific type of learning disability. There is a developing body of research that indicates approximately 5 percent of individuals with learning disabilities display the cognitive and academic difficulties that are associated with nonverbal learning disabilities.
Research indicates that nonverbal learning disabilities are associated with impairment in three broad areas, including motoric skills, visual-spatial organizational memory, and social abilities.
Individuals with this type of learning disability have a well-developed vocabulary, as well as strong reading recognition ability and rote language skills.
Nonverbal Learning Disabilities Can Impact:
- Understanding facial expressions or body language
- Social abilities. using social language
- Executive functioning, planning, organizing, emotional regulation
- Performing new tasks