Generally, no, there are no Federally-funded scholarship or loan programs specifically targeted to students with disabilities. However, there may be local or regional scholarships or loan programs established by eleemosynary or charitable organizations for which you might be eligible. You should contact the Student Aid Office at the colleges you are considering; they are knowledgeable about the various scholarships and loan programs available and often can give you a list which describes the qualifications and application deadlines required for the various loans and scholarships. If you are not a client of Vocational Rehabilitation, you may wish to apply for services from VR to see if you are eligible and could receive support.
The HEATH Resource Center produces a helpful guide to scholarship and other funding sources. Look for the “Financial Aid Guide” publication at https://www.heath.gwu.edu/. (https://www.ahead.org)
Prisoners with disabilities are protected by § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 29 U.S.C. § 794(a), and by Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. § 12131, et seq. The Rehabilitation Act was created to apply to federal executive agencies, including the Bureau of Prisons, and to any program that receives federal funding. The ADA was created to regulate state and local government programs, even those that do not receive federal funding. Title II of the ADA states that “no qualified individual with a disability shall…be excluded from participation in or be denied the benefits of the services, programs, or activities of a public entity.” The United States Supreme Court ruled in the case of Goodman & United States v. Georgia that prisoners can sue for monetary damages if they are being discriminated against due to a disability.
However, prison officials are not required to provide accommodations that impose “undue financial and administrative burdens” or require “a fundamental alteration in the nature of [the] program.” Prison officials are also allowed to discriminate if the disabled inmates’ participation would pose “significant health and safety risks” or a “direct threat” to others. Finally, some courts have said that prison officials can discriminate against disabled prisoners as long as the discriminatory policies serve “legitimate penological interests.” (Above information retrieved on 05/02/16 from https://www.aclu.org/files/images/asset_upload_file735_25737.pdf ).
The bottom line seems to be that prisoners with learning disabilities do have the right to request reasonable accommodations; however, the prison officials may impose some parameters on how those accommodation requests are approved and/or applied.